Shenzhen, the pivotal window for China’s reform and opening up, is the core engine of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. It is committed to leading the way in constructing the Greater Bay Area, creating a pioneering Chinese model of harmonious coexistence between man and nature, and providing China’s experience in implementing the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Referring to the best waterfront experience worldwide, Shenzhen plans to build a 1000-kilometer Blueway by 2025, coordinating the functions of water, shoreline and urban space to achieve an ecological vision that ecology, life and industry exists in harmony within the context of scenic rivers and lakes.
“Blueway”, proposed by Guangdong Province, is a creative practice inspired by President Xi Jinping’s thought on ecological civilization. It is an overall summary of the protection and development of water bodies as well as waterfront areas including bays, rivers, lakes and reservoirs. Based on ensured water security, advanced water environment treatment, restored water ecology, and improved water landscape, the construction of Blueway, centered on water, is aiming to create a diversified, multifunctional, and comprehensive waterfront space with an integration of safe flood passages, scenic ecological corridors, beautiful recreation routes, unique cultural express, and green industrial chains.
The “5 + 1” Blueway (hereinafter referred to as “5 + 1” Blueway), consists of five rivers( Maozhou River, Shenzhen River, Guanlan River, Longgang River and Pingshan River) and one lake (Guangming Lake), is the core part of A Thousand Miles Construction Project of Shenzhen Blueway, striving to create a Shenzhen prototype for Ten Thousand Miles Construction Project of Guangdong Provincial Blueway.
The Maozhou River is located in the northwest of Shenzhen. It originates from the north of the Yangtai Mountain and flows into the Pearl River. The watershed covers an area of 344 square kilometers and spans across Guangming District and Baoan District. The total length of the main stream of the Maozhou River is about 30.7 kilometers, of which the pilot section (12.9 kilometers) from Zhoujia Avenue to Tangxiachong has been under construction. The tender covers 17.8 kilometers length (including an upstream section of 6.3 kilometers from Songbai Road to Zhoujia Avenue, and 11.5 kilometers downstream from Tangxiayong to Maozhou River Marine Industrial Base). There are dense urban villages and industrial zones along the river, thus urban renewal and redevelopment are urgently needed.
The Shenzhen River serves as the natural border between Hong Kong and Mainland China. It originates from the Wutong Mountain and flows into the Shenzhen Bay. The watershed area is 313 square kilometers. The northern side of the river situates two flouring districts, Luohu District and Futian District, and the southern side is Hong Kong’s important fishing and agricultural area. The main tributaries within the Shenzhen border are the Shawan River, the Buji River and the Futian River. The tender scope is the entire section of the mainstream of the Shenzhen River (north side), which is about 14.5 kilometers long.
The Guanlan River, originating from the Da’naoke Mountain, is located in Longhua District, north-central Shenzhen. It flows into the Dongjiang River of Dongguan City, with watershed area of 189 square kilometers. The main tributaries are the Minzhi River, the Zhangkengjing River, and the Baihua River. The mainstream of the Guanlan River is about 14 kilometers long, of which the trial section from Renmin Road to Huanguan South Road is 1.3 kilometers long, and the tender scope is 12.7 kilometers long. The Guanlan River runs through Longhua Central Area and Shenzhen North Railway Station Business Center, but meanwhile, as the mother river of Longhua District, it carries several historical relics including Guanlan Old Street and Laowei.
The Longgang River is located in Longgang District, northeast of Shenzhen. The river originates from the north of the Wutong Mountain and is the mainstream of the Danshui River, a secondary tributary of the Dongjiang River. The tender scope is the entire section of the mainstream of the Longgang River, which is about 21 kilometers long. The mainstream of the Longgang River is connected with the International Low-Carbon City and the advanced manufacturing industrial park, and the river basin as a whole presents a spatial pattern surrounded by mountains and waters.
The Pingshan River is located in the Pingshan District, the northeast of Shenzhen. It originates from Sanzhou Tianmeihuajian, starting from the intersection of the Sanzhoutian Water and the Biling Water (Chizixiang Bridge) and ending at 100 meters downstream of the Shangyang Sewage Treatment Plant’s outlet. The basin area is 144 square kilometers. The tender scope is the entire section of the mainstream of the Pingshan River, which is about 14 kilometers long. The Pingshan River connects numerous country parks, wetland parks, and city parks from east to west, with good ecological background conditions.
The Guangming Lake is located in Guangming District, northwest of Shenzhen. With a storage capacity of more than 100 million cubic meters, it is one of the two largest reservoirs in Shenzhen and functions as the main water supply and storage to western Shenzhen and even to the whole city. In the future, it will be an important water conservancy hub for Shenzhen to bear the water of the Xijiang River and to ensure dual water sources supply. The perimeter of the water surface line, corresponding to the normal water storage level (59.7 meters), is about 18.4 kilometers. The planning should utilize an integrated approach by primarily focus on Guangming Lake and considering simultaneously important neighboring factors.
Research and design scope
Generally, the research area is 1 km from each side of the river. In the case of the river that marks the border, the study area would be 1 km on either side. The designated design area is included within the three river’s control lines: the blue line, the management line and the envelope line. Meanwhile, it takes consideration of the river’s both sides with a range of 500 meters each, and a range of 500 meters on each side of the river should be included.
Key Points of Planning and Design
According to the context and spatial features, also taking reference of the corresponding cases, it is supposed to position the project’s overall function. Furthermore, the development target systems should be put forward based on the concept of the Blueway.
Security system planning
By considering the hydrological features as well as analyzing the waterfront spatial configuration and flooding situations, it is required to propose a systematic approach to the construction of flood control systems, waterlogging relief, and embankment. Furthermore, it is supposed to deepen the thought of three-dimensional flood drainage system and advance rivers’ security by adding more permeable, stagnant water bodies in order to co-ordinate the stagnation, storage and drainage functions.
In the large, evaluate the status of the water environment and the distribution of ecological resources. From a regional perspective, construct the sort out the ecological resources. From a regional perspective, construct and sort out the ecological pattern of surrounding lakes, reservoirs, mountains, and rivers; determine the green space structure along the river in two dimensions, vertical and horizontal to further enhance waterfront eco-lands and wetlands; formulate ecological strategies towards shoreline design and construction as well as slope protection revamping; enact ecological habitats’ planning strategies in concerning of the underwater and aquatic species together with their living spaces.
Leisure System Planning
With the principles of enhancing spatial continuity, diversity, and distinctiveness, the planning and strategies towards the non-motorized system together with the leisure programs shall be proposed based on analyzing, also evaluating the urban leisure facilities and land use. The planning is required to consider several factors, such as the citizens’ recreational needs, as well as rivers’ overall and segmental function orientation. Meanwhile, referred to the General Regulations, the accesses to the surrounding recreational facilities and waterfront leisure spaces should be well designed. Additionally, the waterfronts’ recreational service systems are supposed to build up. By doing so, the relocation of service stations and other commercial catering from the master plan could follow. Besides, the function orientation and program planning would be set up successfully.
Cultural System Planning
A multiphase planning towards Blueway’s cultural landscape is required based on the identifications of the historical factors, cultural features, facilities, relic sites and the related characterized elements existed on the riverbanks, even on the significant tributaries. Integrated with the Blueway’s specific characters, the cultural service facility system is supposed to be planned, as well as the relocation of the components, according to the Blueway Masterplan, specifically, the programmatic plan about the Water Culture Exhibition Hall and Waterfront Library. That system aims to create a unique waterfront space to sense the past and the future. Meanwhile, by considering the regional water features, a strategical plan towards the water cultural activities is commanded, including waterfront leisure activities, sports and the corresponding spatial media.
Industrial System Planning
Integrated with the evaluation towards the industrial development status on both sides of the river and the analytical measurement for the future promising urban renewal regions, a strategic planning of the highly considered lands for industrial renewal and industrial structure adjustment orientation is required. Furthermore, it’s supposed to renovate the major hydraulic facilities along the banks, as well as propose a corresponding strategy for industrial placement plan.
Procedure of public bidding is adopted for this project. Joint designer teams are permitted.
The designer participating in this bidding project should be registered personnel, the main designer should directly participate in the entire process of design. If one of firms of the joint team is an oversea entity, in order to ensure the project designers to have the good understanding of the background and related requirements in China, the project team should have at least one person who speaks fluently Chinese.
During this period, bidder who is suspended the bidding qualification due to colluding bid, or under investigation by the competent authority on suspicion of colluding bid would not be accepted.
The project promotion and introduction meeting is planned to be held in mid to late February 2020. For details, please visit the official website of Shenzhen Water Bureau (http://swj.sz.gov.cn/).
Please pay attention to the release of this project on bidding platform. According to our bidding platform, Shenzhen Construction Project Transaction Service System’s management requirements of the follow-up procedures, the bidding applicant (the lead firm of joint group) should handle the online enterprise information registration in advance and CA digital certificate timely.
Shenzhen Construction Engineering Trading Service Center
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